When choosing cannabis seeds, you’ll want to look for high-quality genetics and a good germination guarantee. Also, you’ll need to choose strains that suit your climate and grow medium.
You can also try a variety of different seed types, including feminized and autoflowering seeds. However, it’s important to note that not all seeds are created equal!
The germination of cannabis seed is the first step in cultivating your very own pot plant. The process begins as the seed comes in contact with water, allowing the seed-shell to open and the small embryo inside to develop.
If the moisture stays enough, the embryo will grow into a seedling and the seed will sprout a taproot. This is what allows the seed to be a fully fledged plant.
There are many ways to germinate seeds and the method you choose will depend on your growing preferences. Some growers prefer organically grown methods of germination, while others like the convenience of seed starting cubes.
For all methods, be sure to maintain the proper temperature and humidity for germination. Colder temperatures will delay germination and can also cause the seed to rot.
Cannabis seed needs a perfect balance of soil nutrients to grow healthy and make the most of their genetic potential. This requires the right texture, drainage and water retention (which can also be improved with perlite).
Soil is composed of organic material that is either broken down or composted. The soil should have a high quality of microbial life that promotes healthy plant roots.
Some of these beneficial bacteria and fungi form a physical bond with the root system, shuttling important nutrients into the cell. These microbes can help cannabis seeds germinate and grow healthy.
Soil with a light and loose texture ensures plenty of room for the plant’s roots to develop and spread. This allows more oxygen to reach the roots for optimal growth and health.
Light is an important aspect of cannabis seed growth. Whether growing indoors or outdoors, plants need light to thrive and produce high quality buds.
Plants absorb light energy through a process called photosynthesis, turning carbon dioxide (CO2) into glucose and other compounds. This allows them to grow and make food for themselves.
During the vegetative stage, plants are at their most susceptible to blue light. This can inhibit germination and result in a lower yield.
Temperature is a big factor in the growth of cannabis seed. It can make the seeds take longer to germinate, or even kill them if they are too cold or hot.
The ideal temperature for germination is between 24 and 26oC. It also depends on the relative humidity, which should be 80 to 100%.
Temperature can also affect the uptake of nutrients by the roots. For example, low temperatures can hinder the uptake of magnesium.
The water your cannabis seed is growing in plays a big role in the plant’s development. The amount of water your seed requires will vary depending on a number of factors.
For example, plants growing in a cool climate will require much more water than a plant grown in warmer conditions. Another factor that can influence water needs is light intensity.
During the flowering stage, your cannabis plant’s appetite for nutrients will increase dramatically. This is due to the fact that it’s producing more flowers and buds than during veg growth.